Sunday, May 24, 2020

Literacy demands in the contemporary English classroom - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1362 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/10/10 Did you like this example? Personal Statement As an educator, I am constantly concerned about improving the effectiveness of education sessions. Why, because I believe that without an effective mode of delivery and learning the curriculum may be of no use. One of the literacy demands that I believe to be effective for the Austrian Curriculum is collaborative learning, the method allows for synchronization of interpretation of a literal work. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Literacy demands in the contemporary English classroom" essay for you Create order Another literacy demand is technology; some of the educative technology prove to be more effective literacy in delivery than the traditional approaches. I will use the Four Resources Model to evaluate, an effective application of the model help in delivery approach. Collaborative Learning Collaborative learning is an approach to learning and teaching that allows students to explore the literal content together. They explore the material to create a meaningful content. A group of student exploring the content in face-to-face learning or with the aid of internet is an example of collaborative learning. In order for a collaborative learning to be an effective means of passing knowledge, the Four Resource Model must be in play. The learners must exhibit the four roles of an effective learning; these are code breaking, text participation, text user and textual analysis. Taking for instance when learning from a chart on the rate of global warming, the learners must be in a position to decode the symbols used to present the information. Whether chart uses letters or graphics, the learners must understand what each symbol means independently (ACARA, 2017a). The same applies when learning from illustrations such as signboards and contexts presented in the form of an image. The figure below shows how the role of a code breaker when deciphering information from a chart applies. For instance, the students need to understand what these images mean; the symbols and the textual content, in a collaborative learning, student decode the codes as a group and come up with a uniform understanding. The student employs their backgrounds and experiences to understand the content of a literal work. As learners interact with the texts, they might arrive at areas that require input from the teacher. In collaborative learning, a student from two different backgrounds may have a completely different interpretation of the same content. Some of the challenges encountered in such instance include new vocabulary, new symbols, and slang; Students are able to reach a unifying point in a collaborative learning with much ease, this help in the unification of knowledge contained in the Curriculum. Being aware of text content and the author intended to use the symbol to pass information is critical to the understanding of the literal work. Knowing that people can read the recipe in different ways compels the author or the teacher to take into consideration. The Australian Curriculum favors the unification of content; it is possible to create a uniform understanding of content through collaborative learning since each student makes an input to the interpretation (ACARA, 2017a). For instance, when reading a recipe book, some readers may only be interested in the ingredients and leave out the procedure, whichever approach use makes learning incomplete. However, collaborative learning provides multiple views of the same thing thus complementing each other to achieve complete learning. At the use stage, the reader may ask a question such as what is the purpose of the texts and symbol, how is the presentation, what I should use it for and the many interpretations. The three facts of learning English in Australian curriculum include language, literacy, and literature (ACARA, 2017a). Students in the lower grades must learn certain skills that aid the application of the three literacy areas. In the processes of learning language, students must go through the process of reading and viewing of literal work, writing and speaking and listening. Under reading and viewing, the learners must acquire skills related to how different author use language or graphics to make meaning, they also identify a feature of all language platforms that enhance their readability. The curriculum focus on making sure that students understand the use of language. The literacy requirement at reading and viewing stage is the identification and explanation of how the literal work makes meaning, its characteristics and consideration that the author employ (Ludwig, 2003). Finally, they must understand how language becomes cohesive, meanings, application of language tools. The result is the development of a comprehensive understanding of English. With the aid of collaborative learning, primary students can take advantage of the diversity manifested by each of them to come assist in the learning of language, the reading and viewing stage will often feature students ascribing to a different meaning of the same elements of language, this diversity impedes communication. The Australian curriculum focuses on the unification of literal work and the generation of a communion meaning to literal work regardless of the author (ACARA, 2017b). Technology Technology is becoming a fundamental part of Australian curriculum, its application in learning traverse all the areas. One of the features that make technology and important literacy demand is its diversity, ease of access and nitrous application (Seely et al, 2014). With technological improvements in all sectors, learning of language must respond. At early stages of education, focus in on helping the students to acquire knowledge that facilitates learning at higher levels, introduction to technology is therefore important. In most cases, the language used over forms of technology is neither universal nor hold regular meaning, but conveys information that only those with knowledge of such technology can understand. At the core of content description of Australian curriculum under viewing and reading is that the students must be able to understand the online text, navigation, links and graphics, all these are new dimensions brought into education with global advancements that tend to bring all cultures together. Technology as a literacy demand agrees with the Four Resource Model in learning and teaching. According to the four-resource model, learning of language, whether reading and viewing, writing or speaking and listening, it begins with the ability of the learner to decode the meaning of the symbols (ACARA, 2017a). Whether texts, graphics or symbols on an online page, it is critical that students can identify each code, this is the code breaker stage of learning the language. Symbols or text carry different meaning depending on how the author uses such them. The curriculum requires developing the ability to go beyond just the ability to classify the content of an online page, but also go deeper into understanding the context of its application. Technological devices offer an easy way to teach different application of symbols, graphics, text, and the corresponding meaning than the traditional approaches to learning the language. After breaking the code, the learners can go into the second stage of the four resource model, they can place the information into context depending on th eir life experience, while the interpretation may be diverse, it is essential that students are in a position to give meaning to the literal work, this satisfies the literature part of language. Understanding of literacy also improves at the text user role, being is text used is the condition of awareness on the how the author used the text and possible meaning that the audience can derive from the literal work (Ludwig, 2003). Knowing that a symbol can carry different meaning under varied context allows the author of the text to create an environment that assists the audience to pick the right meaning. Students ask questions such as what is the purpose of the text, graphic or symbol and how does it apply to the context of its creation. When students can develop their own literal work and convey meaning, then they satisfy the writing goal outlined in the curriculum. Such abilities also mean that learner’s literacy skills are satisfactory and can proceed to higher levels of lea rning. The final stage according to the Four-Resource Model is the text analysis role. At this stage, learners can employ their knowledge to analyze a literal work by identifying bias or asking questions about its authenticity. Good performance at the fourth resource is a manifestation of literacy (Ludwig, 2003). At the completion of all stages, the learners are ready to learn complex content.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Socrates s Argument On The Trial - 867 Words

After the trial, Socrates was found guilty of his allegations and sentence to death. While waiting for his upcoming execution, he received a visit of his old faithful friend named Crito. Actually, Socrates friend had made an arrangement with other friends to help him escape from prison. Contrary to Crito’s suggestion, Socrates vetoed his friend proposal. Socrates on the other hand, provided several good and convincing reasons of not escaping prison by using law as a principal guide. After the trial, Socrates was sentenced to death for impiety against the gods and corrupted the Athens youth. In contrast to the jury sentence, Socrates and his friends still believed on his innocent and though that the verdict was unjust. According to the Atheniens tradition, no states were allowed to execute prisoners on the absence of the Galley ship. Or is it that, Socrates trial’s happened when the galley ship was in mission due to that his death was postpone. Aware of the arrival of State galley from Delos, Crito’s visits Socrates and offers him to escape into exile. Cristo emphasizes Socrates on the arrangement he has made for is bolt, and if he doesn’t escape, Crito’s will lose a friend and his reputation. Surprisingly, Crito’s suggestion is rejected by Socrates. In response to Crito’s arguments, Socrates declines it because in his point of view majority opinion is less important contrary to Crito’s view of majority o pinion who will judge of not helpingShow MoreRelatedApology On The Book Apology1308 Words   |  6 Pageswith Socrates making a short speech in which he defends his innocence. He was on trial because of the two â€Å"Later† charges against him. Corrupting the youth and disbelief in Athenian gods were among the charges. Before he began his speech, he made it clear to the judges that he is not familiar with the court system and also that it’s his first time in court so that he will be speaking in his â€Å"usual manner†. His accusers warned the judges that he has a great persuasive power. However, Socrates insistedRead MoreThe Trial of Socrates1543 Words   |  7 PagesIn the trial of Socrates, I juror number 307, Ryan Callahan vote the defendant is Not Guilty on the first charge of Corrupting the youth. My justifications for this vote are as follows. Socrates didn t corrupt the youth, he just shared his ideas with them and they in turn chose the path to t ake these ideas. Part of understanding this case is understand the time in which the case was held. This time being 399 B.C., a time in which Athens was a free democratic city, a town which prided itselfRead MoreSocrates (Defense), the Apology Essay1014 Words   |  5 PagesSocrates – â€Å"The Apology† or (Defense) Socrates had no written work, never had a job and there are questions of whether he was even literate. However, Plato was a student of Socrates and recorded what occurred at his death trial. Socrates asked lots of questions and made people with political power look stupid. At no time during his trial does he claim to be innocent. He (attacks his accuser instead) There were two types of charges brought against him. - The new or (Official) ChargesRead MorePlato s The Trial And Death Of Socrates Essay1671 Words   |  7 PagesPlato’s The Trial and Death of Socrates presents the reader with complex competing conceptions of what should be considered â€Å"the good life†. According to Socrates, â€Å"the most important thing is not life, but the good life† (Crito, 48b). The majority, who live a non-philosophical life, believes the goods of life include wealth, reputation, and honor: all things that can easily be taken away or destroyed. On the other hand, Socrates lives a philosophical life filled with self-sufficiency. He views wisdomRead MoreComparison Between Crito and Apology1661 Words   |  7 Pagesthese two articles that we read in Crito and Apology by Plato, we could know Socrates is an enduring person with imagination, because he presents us with a mass of contradictions: Most eloquent men, yet he never wrote a word; ugliest yet most profoundly attractive; ignoran t yet wise; wrongfully convicted, yet unwilling to avoid his unjust execution. Behind these conundrums is a contradiction less often explored: Socrates is at once the most Athenian, most local, citizenly, and patriotic of philosophers;Read MoreReaction Paper On Socrates1250 Words   |  5 PagesSocrates was born in circa 470 BC, in Athens Greece. The way we know about Socrates life through the writing of his fellow students, including Plato and Xenophon. In this paper, I will be discussing: the problem that most of his fellow citizens have against him and how can philosophy help us. The kind values that Socrates defends through his trail, and how the knowledge and virtue are required for a meaningful life. First, what from his perspective, is the problem that most of his fellow citizensRead MoreSocrates View On Death And The Soul1533 Words   |  7 Pagesthe idea of death. Socrates on the other hand was never once frightened about the idea of death. Throughout the Apology, one is able to clearly analyze Socrates’ view on death and the soul. The Apology is the actual speech delivered by Socrates during his death trial. In the jury system, an apology is composed of three parts: a speech, a counter-assessment, and some last final words. Socrates argument is that death should be a joyous time, especially for philosophers. Socrates claimed when we dieRead MoreSocrates Reflection On Death1639 Words   |  7 Pageschange our views of the world that we inhabit, along with the acceptance that knowing that you don’t know anything is key. Socrates himself brings from the shadows such ideals in his arguments, because without said arguments he wouldn t be able to stand with his ideology through every problematic situation. However, it is these thoughts and beliefs that truly show how Socrates is as a philosopher and moreso, a human being. The following passage, â€Å"Let us reflect in this way, too, that there is goodRead MoreThe Body And The Soul1153 Words   |  5 PagesAn Analysis of the Distinctions of the Body and the Soul in the Philosophy of Socrates This philosophical study will define the distinctions of the body and the soul as defined in the philosophy of Socrates. In the Phaedo, Socrates defines the important distinction between the †visible† body and the â€Å"invisible† substance of the soul. Socrates defines the temporal and changing nature of the visible body, which is impermanent. In contrast to this view, the soul is a higher form of incomposite energyRead MoreAnalysis Of Plato s The Ring Of Gyges 1510 Words   |  7 Pagesif you had a magic ring like the ring of Gyges (Republic, 359d)? Why be just or moral? Develop the complete answer of Socrates in Plato s Republic, through 449a. Then consider whether Plato s Socrates in The Apology would answer in a way that was any different, in substance or in tone. Your own opinion is worth a page of so, but focus on the argument of Plato s Socrates. When Glaucon attempts to argue that no difference exists between the just and unjust man, he tells the tale of the Ring

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Essay on The Representative Poem - 1294 Words

e The Representative Poem Ashley Stringer-Franco ENG/ 306 Poetry and Society Catherine Canino February 4, 2013 The Representative Poem The nineteenth century is known as the Victorian Era and it is famous for its improvement of information, growth of an empire and enlargement of the economy. The era had a vibrant spirit of events. During this era Alfred Lord Tennyson wrote the well-known poem â€Å"Ulyssses† and it represented how he felt at the time. This poem reveals the determined spirit of everyone that lived in his culture. In the poem Tennyson says that Ulysses has been fighting and journeying for at least twenty years of his life on Earth. Along the way he has observed and learned a lot of things, but he is still not happy†¦show more content†¦However as they desired to live in tranquility, they attacked these problems indirectly and from the calmer angle of negotiation to try and evade any serious danger to their meaning of self-control. And since Tennyson is the representative poet of this era, he personified the spirit of negotiation in his poetry more than any of hi s colleagues (Motion, 2010). Tennyson had an interesting opinion about politics. He shared his view with a lot of people at the time who believed in the golden rule, cooperation between the democratic system and upper classes. He believed in gradual development and rejected rebellion. He stated the need of conversion in his poem â€Å"Morte D. Arthur†; â€Å"The old order changeth, yielding place to new/ And God fulfils Himself in many ways/ Lest one good custom should corrupt the world.† (Review of English Studies, 2009). In the Victorian Era sex was thought about a little differently. The Victorians wanted cooperation between unrestrained extravagance of previous eras and the whole reversal of the purposes of nature. The Victorians allowed luxury in sex but limited its area to connubial felicity and happy married life. Tennyson shows this spirit of the era in his love poems by insisting that true love is only found within a marriage. In Tennyson’s â€Å"The L ady of Shallot† he presents a young couple strolling together under the moon, but he goes on to assure the readers that the young couple is indeed marriedShow MoreRelatedAutomatism In The Rite Of Spring By Viktor Sklovsky1089 Words   |  5 Pagesre-present the past for modern readers. Typically, Pound’s poems are densely packed with subjective allusions related to the themes of history, literature, politics, economics, and culture. Following Pound’s move from America to Europe, an additional theme found in many of his poems is a general form of cynicism towards America. This criticism of America and mass culture is exemplified through his poem, Hugh Selwyn Mauberry. In this poem, Pound’s new found understanding of European culture allowedRead MoreWalt Whitman And Emily Dickinson1625 Words   |  7 Pagesnineteenth century, Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson share a preoccupation with spirituality, freedom, and death, which characterizes many of their work s. In the poems ‘A Woman Waits for Me’ by Whitman and ‘Title divine, is mine’ by Dickinson, they use a similar approach to these shared subjects. However, they tackle their respective poems from differing positions of social power, which places them in opposition to each other. Though both poets conceptualize spiritual union through earthly union, marriageRead MoreSeamus Heaney1515 Words   |  7 Pagesdetailed reference to two or more poems. The poems ‘Limbo’ and ‘Bye Child’ by Seamus Heaney are poems that evoke the casualties of sexual and emotional repression in Ireland, as well as and the oppression of both women and un baptized children, in a time where religion was most prominent and people were confined to the guidelines of the church and it’s community, as it was the ruling power. Both poems present this idea through the use of a child, representative of innocence and vulnerability. ThroughRead MoreI Have A Yong Suster1317 Words   |  6 Pagesliterature, context is important because different interpretations of the same piece can lead to very different meanings. The poem â€Å"I Have A Yong Suster† is a piece of Middle English poetry that can have several meanings depending on how it is read. Some say that the poem suggests a sexual relationship, while others say that it is an exchange between siblings. The narrator in this poem is sent three gifts that can have different meanings depending on who sent them. One interpretation identifies the senderRead MoreIncident Analysis : Incident By Nathasha Trethwey929 Words   |  4 Pageslynched or have crosses burned on their front lawns. Fear is what restrains people to fight back. We usually don t give it enough credit, but fear can be a motivator as well as a suppressor. Nathasha’s use of tone is what makes the message of this poem so powerful. She could have made the tone harsh and hateful and make the scene sound chaotic with her choice of words. However, she chooses not to, making the tone calm and peaceful. â€Å"How we peered from the windows, shades drawn- /though nothing reallyRead MoreThe Rape of the Lock as a Mock-Heroic Poem943 Words   |  4 Pagesof each other. But in mock-epic the author puts less emphasis on concern in broad discourse, the slowly developing balance of epic narration bonds with the awareness of individual satire. As far as mock-epic is concerned, within the plot the representatives of the ritualistic become given to bouts of ill temper, poise and self-respect transforms into vanity and the state of being esteemed is disguised yet visible and known. Mock-epic makes a parody of whole social classes hence their negative experienceRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem, God, Earth Walker And The Wanderer955 Words   |  4 Pagestranslators Greg Delanty, E. Talbot Donaldson, and Alfred David differ in their translations (Delanty l. 6, Donaldson 112, David l. 6). These differences build throughout the rest of the poem, eventually leading the audience to arrive at different conclusions based on each translation. By translating the Christian ideas in the poem (God, Earth, human) with distinct word choice, Delanty, Donaldson, and David create translations of The Wanderer that demonstrate the pitfalls of choosing inaccurate language. DelantyRead MoreAnalysis Of Persimmon1075 Words   |  5 PagesPersimmons, by Li-Young Lee, is a poem that discusses many aspects of growing up in a split between two cultures. Lee is presumably the narrator of this poem and describes different aspects of him growing up between the lines of Chinese and American culture. This poem touches on the many ways Lee feels as he is growing up in American Culture and how that affects the Chinese Culture he has at home. Each stanza represents a different memory that describes an instance in which he feels as though heRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Nocturne 1141 Words   |  5 PagesEavan Boland’s poem â€Å"Nocturne†, the speaker, assumed to be Eavan herself, secures her home before going to bed. Through imagery, metaphors, and onomatopoeic language, she describes every little detail of what she encounters and the observations she makes throughout that period of time. To the reader, â€Å"Nocturne† may seem like a simple poem, with no underlying symbolism or questionable meaning. Yet, through the last stanza, there seems to be a surprisingly somber omen over the poem, which puts to questionRead MoreTwentieth Century Aesop’s Fables: How Ted Hughes Presents Modern Man through the Non-Human.1400 Words   |  6 PagesTwentieth Century Aesop’s Fables: How Ted Hughes Presents Modern Man through the Non-Human. Ted Hughes’ poems mostly explore the world of nature. He uses ordinary animals like crow, pike, and skylark, but adding mythical quality to them. Animals in his world are superior to human and he seems to adore their brutality and instinct. He does not rationalize animal, which is unlike D.H Lawrence. Some criticize him for praising animals’ brutality and putting them on a pedestal, saying that animals are

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Racism And The Human Race - 2009 Words

Hatred and disdain is the deep embedded seed that is planted in American soil, especially, in the American South towards Black’s. This seed of hatred towards Black’s is being cultivated to superciliously think that Black’s are inferior to their counterparts. The fruits of labor that is produced from this tree are bitter, distasteful and poisonous to the development of equality of the human race, especially, towards Black’s. This births forth the mentality to always fear Black’s and that Black’s are subjects that need to be submitted to subjugation in order to achieve civility of the human race. Thus, the latter mentioned develops into a deadly perception that is growing like consuming fire; in addition, this deadly perception is not only thought but also being instilled and engraved in humanity. Consequently, this is why equality for Black’s shall always be a challenge to achieve because this deadly perception infiltrates our cognitiv e process and morality to be colorblind. Even though we are all members of ONE human race Blacks shall never be equal to white counterparts who microscopically stigmatized Black’s through racial cultural lens and racial profiling. This paper shall implores the true legitimization of the Black Experience in the American South via objectivity and factual truths dating back from day of arrival to present. In addition, to portray the brutality and inequality that still exists. It has been approximately three hundred ninety-six years (396)Show MoreRelatedEcological Crisis Has Been Associated With The Environmental Pollution1307 Words   |  6 Pagesmisunderstanding that exists between the environment and living organism particularly, the human race. The major ecological crisis has been associated with the environmental pollution (Westra 122). Notably, race and ethnicity have been considered to be significant contributing factors to the ecological crisis than the economic income and class. Ecological crisis has since led to racism particularly in regions occupied by different races. For instance, the affluent black communities have been associated with highRead MoreEssay on Racism583 Words   |  3 PagesWhat is Racism? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Racism is one of those unusual things which seem to escape the understanding of clear and to the point definition. Racism is a system of racial discrimination and prejudice. The concept of race as classifying people can be seen as misleading people and prejudicial as far as it’s involved in the quality of human life. The term race has been quite confusing because of its four principle connotations. 1. Physical anthropologists have called races the variousRead MoreA Brief Note On Social Construction Of Race Essay1378 Words   |  6 PagesSocial Construction of Race One of the social reforms that are argued to have been achieved by the contemporary society is acknowledged that all people within the society are equal irrespective of some socio-cultural differences such as race. The view that all persons are equal is ingrained in the society and supported by an array of a legal framework. One of the supporting legal frameworks is the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, which asserts that all persons must be treated with equalityRead MoreSocial Justice Issues Take Place At Various Levels : Global, National, Regional, And Local1397 Words   |  6 Pagessurfaces a prevalent social justice issue of racism. Racism is holding prejudices on the basis of the race. The issue of racism is complex one because of its far-reaching effects and implications. It makes people feel inferior, creates a gap between the people of the society. The members of racial groups that are discriminated against face unequal access and opportunities. It is harder for th em to find well-paying jobs or live in good neighborhoods. Racism exists not only in employment but also in lawRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racial Discrimination1425 Words   |  6 PagesRacism consists of ideologies and practices that seek to justify, or cause, the unequal distribution of privileges, rights or goods among different racial groups. Modern variants are often based in social perceptions of biological differences between peoples. These can take the form of social actions, practices or beliefs, or political systems that consider different races to be ranked as inherently superior or inferior to each other, based on presumed shared inheritable traits, abilities, or qualitiesRead MoreThe Black Skin White Masks By Frantz Fanon1664 Words   |  7 Pages Race plays a huge role in history. In todays society race is extremely relevant. However, to truly understand race and how it has cultivated itself in todays society you must first understand the view on race in the past. Today race and racism is now discussed more openly. Which is why society has an understanding of the fact that racism still exist. Frantz Fanon uses colonization to explain how racism was cultivated in the past. Paulo Freire uses his study of the oppressed to explain how its hardRead MoreEssay on Racism1251 Words   |  6 PagesRacism Racism has often played a central role in conflicts between groups of people. Racism is the intentional or unintentional use of power to isolate, separate and exploit others as defined in the Webster dictionary. People generally respond to others differently based on what they know, which may include superficial characteristics often associated with race. This paper will express my opinion of how racism will effect America. I will base information from Webster’s definition of Racism, readingRead MoreThe Power Of Illusion : The Social Construction Of Race1378 Words   |  6 Pagesconstruction of race and the conjured up idea of different races affects many Americans on a macro and micro scale or institutionally and individually, respectively. To sociologists, this idea of a socially constructed race matters because race has a tremendous influence on people’s lives. It may be difficult to believe, but race is socially constructed. Race is something humans have fabricated; therefore, it has no biological meaning. Race is without basis in our natural world, yet humans have self-dividedRead MoreSocial Problems Associated With Racial Discrimination1209 Words   |  5 Pagesother races solely because they are different racially and culturally. Body Paragraphs: II: Basic Information on the Issue A: According to Encyclopedia Britannica, race is determined by physical and personality traits, intellect, morality, and culture (â€Å"Racism†). Racial discrimination is discriminating someone based on their race or religion (â€Å"Racism/Color Discrimination†) or prejudice against an individual or group of people of a different race because of the belief that one’s own race is superiorRead MorePeople All Around The World Face Racism And Discrimination1168 Words   |  5 Pagesthe world face racism and discrimination. Racism is a globally used word, and more than one race is capable of suffering its wrath. There are examples of it throughout history in all regions of the world. Racism can and does affect any race, whether it be: Caucasian, African American, Hispanic, Indian, Muslim, Jewish and others. More than one race can be racist, people in the past have overcome racism, and Catholic social teachings believe that everyone should have rights. Racism is the belief that

Linden Hills and the Struggles That Come with I Free Essays

There are three ways Luther Nedeed is simultaneously a positive and negative role model for young men who represent the ages of Willie and Lester. First, Luther Nedeed believes in the importance of family but while doing so, he destroys many people, especially his wife and son. This is important because it shows that people can feel a certain way, but in the end, actions speak louder than words. We will write a custom essay sample on Linden Hills and the Struggles That Come with I or any similar topic only for you Order Now Second, Luther Nedeed inspires hope and shows that the American dream is possible but while achieving this dream, it causes some people to sell themselves out. This is significant because it shows that if the prize to achieve the dream is the loss of one’s soul or compromise of one’s standards, the price is too high to pay. Third, Nedeed wants to preserve the integrity and value of Linden Hills but the power he holds goes to his head and he begins to care more about himself than others. This is relevant because life holds the most meaning and opportunity for personal satisfaction in the connections people make with one another and without those, the missing human element will destroy the individuals that choose to turn their backs on society, and therefore, humanity itself. Luther Nedeed believes in the importance of family but while doing so, he destroys many people, especially his wife and son. Luther shows us that he believes in this because he is upholding the Nedeed tradition of working to take care of Linden Hills and creating offspring to take over for him when he passes away. Luther also shows us his belief in family when he thinks about how lonely he is on Christmas and wishes his wife was there with him enjoying the holiday and everything that comes with it. This makes Luther a positive role model because young men who represent the ages of Willie and Lester need to know that family is important. Family will always be there for you, and if you don’t keep them around, you’re going to face some difficult situations later in life without much help. Even though Luther believes family is important, he contradicts himself by destroying people, especially his wife and son. When his son was born, he was light-skinned so he banished him and his wife into the basement where his son would die of starvation. He also ruined Laurel Dumont after her husband left her by telling her that her lease was no longer valid and she had to leave. As a result, Laurel commits suicide by jumping into an empty swimming pool. This is the negative side of this coin. Young men such as Willie and Lester do not need to see people ruining other people’s lives. They need to realize that what they say and preach should be how they act. Unfortunately, Luther fails to do that. Luther Nedeed inspires hope and shows that the American dream is possible. Linden Hills is an affluent black community where many people strive to live because of its fame and what it immediately does to your status once you move in. The Nedeed family started from scratch, one of them with just a cardboard suitcase and a dream, another one who poured cement for numerous foundations, and another who gambled every dime to keep the community afloat during the Depression. Young men who represent the ages of Wilie and Lester need to know that if you work hard enough, the American dream is achievable. It shows them that you must work hard and if you work hard enough, your opportunity may come one day. However, the American dream will cause some people to sell themselves out. By creating Linden Hills and maintaining it, Luther Nedeed has created monsters in the people who will do anything and everything they can to rise to fame and live in Linden Hills. For example, Lester’s sister, who idolizes Eleanor Roosevelt and Diane Ross, and who had enrolled in black history classes in college, now employs bleaching cream and hair relaxer. Her dream is to have a good marriage in Linden Hills. Maxwell Smith, who is a high-ranking executive at General Motors, has achieved perfect physical control of himself and the environment around him. He says that he spends every waking moment trying to be no color at all. This makes Luther a negative role model because people are foregoing their moral standards and values. They are giving everything up to gain that status and young men such as Willie and Lester need to know that the price for that is too high to pay. Luther Nedeed wants to preserve the integrity and value of Linden Hills. He tries to preserve the integrity by writing leases that are good for one thousand years and a day, which will preserve the family tradition for a long time. He tries to protect his wealth and inheritance by working to make Linden Hills better and by making sure that a lease can only be passed down to one’s children or sold to another black family. This is important for young men who represent the age of Willie and Lester to see because it shows one’s loyalty and sense of pride to something. In this case, for Luther, it’s Linden Hills. For someone else, it may be their child, their house, their car, or anything else that they hold true to their heart and love. People need to be loyal to certain things in life and must do everything they can to preserve traditions and values. However, the negative side of Luther comes out becausehis power goes to head and he begins to care more about himself than others. For example, he doesn’t care what type of wife he marries and has a child with. He selects one who he feels will produce a good offspring, bears a child with her, and then has no sexual contact with her thereafter. He also opposes a low-income housing project planned for Putney Wayne, which is a neighboring black ghetto and proposes to join forces with the racist Wayne County Citizens Alliance so property values would not decline. Although this would help black people, Luther is against it because all he cares about is himself and what he loves. People such as Willie and Lester need to recognize this and know that you have to balance what you love and your feelings for others and society. You cannot turn your back on society and mankind because all you care about is yourself and your future. Those who represent the ages of Willie and Lester need to realize that life holds the most meaning and opportunity for personal satisfaction in the connections people make with one another and without those, the missing human element will destroy the individuals that choose to turn their backs on society, and therefore, humanity itself. Luther’s actions eventually did come back to haunt him in the end, specifically his decision to banish his wife and son into the basement. Willa eventually comes up due to an accidental unlocking of the basement door bolt and when she does, a struggle ensues and the house along with everything and everyone inside of it burns to death. All of these actions and decisions show that there are different ways Luther Nedeed is simultaneously a positive and negative role model for young men who represent the ages of Willie and Lester. First, Luther Nedeed believes in the importance of family but while doing so, he destroys many people, especially his wife and son. This is important because it shows that people can feel a certain way, but in the end, actions speak louder than words. Second, Luther Nedeed inspires hope and shows that the American dream is possible but while achieving this dream, it causes some people to sell themselves out. This is significant because it shows that if the prize to achieve the dream is the loss of one’s soul or compromise of one’s standards, the price is too high to pay. Third, Nedeed wants to preserve the integrity and value of Linden Hills but the power he holds goes to his head and he begins to care more about himself than others. This is relevant because life holds the most meaning and opportunity for personal satisfaction in the connections people make with one another and without those, the missing human element will destroy the individuals that choose to turn their backs on society, and therefore, humanity itself. How to cite Linden Hills and the Struggles That Come with I, Papers

Education and Children free essay sample

Beliefs about teaching and learning Being an educator means that you are someone who cares and wants to see children be successful in your class and in their futures. The reason I want to become an educator is to make a difference in a childs life. I have worked with children for over seven years and everyday I spend with a child I learn someone new, about them and about myself. I want to give back to the community in which I was raised. I want to show them that they have helped make me become what I am today. A teacher can make a difference in a childs life to the good or bad if they went into the field for the wrong reason. I want to be remembered for the one who helped and made a difference a child? s life and also as good role model. We will write a custom essay sample on Education and Children or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Beliefs about students We are there to teach but, each day in a classroom we help the children get ready for the future. We are helping them realize what they want to become and even what they do not want. We have control of the children that are in our class and we have to decide if we are going to be role models or Just someone who pushes them to the next teacher to deal with. I want to be a role model and encourage children to do their best and do their all because what they do today will play a part on their uture. Beliefs about knowledge Some teachers believe that only certain kinds of knowledge are valid.. For example, teachers who believe authority fgures (e. g. , teachers, doctors, scientists) are the only real sources of knowledge may adopt a more behaviorist perspective about learning. They are also likely to enact transmissionist instructional techniques, such as direct instruction, founded on the notions that teachers know and students learn when teachers give them knowledge. mphasize students contribution to the learning process. Furthermore, these teachers tend to believe that teachers and students now and learn together and that learning happens best through dialogue and shared interaction. Discussion and discovery learning pedagogies were founded in the belief that individuals and groups can create meaningful understandings. Your beliefs abou t what is worth knowing I believe that his question could also be reframed as what is important. At the end of the day students may forget what we teach them, however I believe that the goal of education should not Just be to not Just have students memorize and rececitate facts, rather to arm them with tools that will allow them to lead successful lives, and to be onscientious about their surroundings and the ways that they impact those. How educational philosophies relate to classroom practice In todays teaching world, its easy for teachers to lose sight of the reason(s) for why they wanted to become a teacher in the first place. Teachers can get so caught up with the heavy workload of teaching, and all the stress that comes with the Job, they otten torget why they wanted to teach in the tirst place. So to nave a personal philosophy of education that is instilled deeply, teachers can always remind themselves why they want to be a teacher and how theyre going to change students ives. I also think that a personal philosophy helps you understand what is important in your classroom, what you want to keep etc. It also helps you see the big picture like when you experience a particularly difficult day, you might forget about the big picture and really that it what I think in the end is the most important. Educational Philosophy My educational philosophy is based on the idea that each individual is a unique learner. My role as a teacher is to give children the tools with which to cultivate their own level of knowledge. To accomplish this goal, I will teach to the needs of ach child so that all learners can feel capable and successful. I will present curriculum that involves the interests of the children and makes learning relevant to life. I will incorporate themes, integrated units, projects, group work, individual work, and hands-on learning in order to make children active learners. Finally, I will tie learning into the world community to help children become caring and active members of society. I think that there is a large part on emphasis on educational philosophies because they help learners reach their goals- and these philosophies provide tangible ways to do so.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Activity-Based Costing Essay Sample free essay sample

Activity-based costing ( ABC ) is an accounting method that allows concerns to garner informations about their operating costs. Costss are assigned to specific activitiesuch as planning. technology. or manufacturingnd so the activities are associated with different merchandises or services. In this manner. the ABC method enables a concern to make up ones mind which merchandises. services. and resources are increasing their profitableness. and which are lending to losingss. Directors are so able to bring forth informations to make a better budget and derive a greater overall apprehension of the disbursals that are required to maintain the company running swimmingly. By and large. activity-based costing is most effectual when used over a long period of clip. as opposed to shorter-term solutions such as the theory of restraints ( TOC ) . Activity-based bing first gained ill fame in the early 1980s. It emerged as a logical option to traditional cost direction systems that tended to bring forth deficient consequences when it came to apportioning costs. Harvard Business School Professor Robert S. Kaplan was an early advocator of the ABC system. While chiefly used for private concerns. ABC has late been used in public forums. such as those that measure authorities efficiency. HOW ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING WORKS Activity-based costing plans require proper planning and a committedness from upper direction. If possible. it is best to make a test survey or trial tally on a section whose profit-making public presentation is non populating up to outlooks. These types of state of affairss have a greater opportunity of wining and demoing those in charge that ABC is a feasible manner for the company to salvage money. If no cost-saving steps are determined in this pilot survey. either the activity-based costing system has been improperly implemented. or it may non be right for the company. The first thing a concern must make when utilizing ABC is set up a squad that will be responsible for finding which activities are necessary for the merchandise or service in inquiry. This squad should include experts from different countries of the company ( including finance. engineering. and human resources ) and possibly besides an outside adviser. After the squad is assembled and informations on such subjects as public-service corporations and stuffs is gathered. it is so clip to find the elements of each activity that cost money. Attention to detail is really of import here. as many of these costs may be hidden and non wholly obvious. As Joyce Chutchian-Ferranti wrote in an article for Computerworld: â€Å"The key is to find what makes up fixed costs. such as the cost of a telephone. and variable costs. such as the cost of each phone call. † Chutchian-Ferranti goes on to observe that even though in many cases engineering has replaced human labour costs ( such as in voice-mail systems ) . a concern director must still analyze the hidden costs associated with keeping the service. Nonactivity costs like direct stuffs and services provided from outside the company normally do non hold to be factored in because this has antecedently been done. Once all of these costs are determined and noted. the information must be input into a computing machine application. Chutchian-Ferranti explains that the package can be a simple database. off-the-rack ABC package. or customized package. This will finally give the company plenty informations to calculate out what they can make to increase net income borders and do the activity more efficient. After a concern has had adequate clip to analyse the information obtained through activity-based costing and determine which activities are cost effectual. it can so make up ones mind what stairss can be taken to increase net incomes. Activities that are deemed cost prohibitive can so be outsourced. cut back. or eliminated wholly in an attempt to do them more profitable. The execution of these alterations is known as activity-based direction ( ABM ) . POTENTIAL PITFALLS OF ACTIVITYBASED Costing Companies that implement activity-based costing run the hazard of passing excessively much clip. attempt. and even money on assemblage and traveling over the informations that is collected. Too many inside informations can turn out thwarting for directors involved in ABC. On the other manus. a deficiency of item can take to deficient informations. Another obvious factor that tends to lend to the ruin of activity-based costing is the simple failure to move on the consequences that the informations provide. This by and large happens in concerns that were loath to seek ABC in the first topographic point. In 1999. Gary Cokins wrote an article aimed at certified public comptrollers who have trouble encompassing activity-based costing. In â€Å"Learning to Love ABC. † Cokins explains that activity-based bing normally works best with a minimal sum of item and estimated cost figures. He backs this up by saying that â€Å"typically. when comptrollers try to use ABC. they strive for a degree of exactitude that is both hard to achieve and time-consumingnd that finally becomes the project’s buss of decease. † In 2000. Cokins wrote another article entitled â€Å"Overcoming the Obstacles to Implementing Activity-Based Costing. † In this work Cokins noted that â€Å"activity-based costing undertakings frequently fail because undertaking directors ignore the central regulation: It is better to be about right than to be exactly inaccurate. When it comes to ABC. near adequate is non merely good plenty ; close adequate is frequently the secret to success. † Cokins besides notes that the usage of mean cost rates. the usage of excessively detailed information. and the failure to link information to action can besides impede ABC undertakings. By understanding these constructs. Cokins feels that CPAs can heighten their functions as concern spouses and advisers. Another restricting factor is that activity-based bing package can be pricey. As Mark Henricks wrote in a 1999 article for Entrepreneur: â€Å"Most ABC practicians find that special-purpose ABC package is required to do the undertaking manageable. At $ 6. 000 and up for one bundle sold by ABC Technologies. package can add significantly to outlays for this type of accounting technique. There are. nevertheless. some pilot bundles available for $ 500. † Time can besides be a factor for concerns seeking a speedy hole. Henricks notes that â€Å"although some companies see consequences about immediately. it typically takes three months or so for most concerns to see the benefits of ABC. And depending on your merchandise or concern rhythm. it could take much longer. † ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING AND SMALL BUSINESSES It used to be that big corporations were the lone concerns involved in activity-based costing. Not so today. Service industries such as Bankss. infirmaries. insurance companies. and existent estate bureaus have all had success with ABC. But since its origin. activity-based costing has seemed to hold been more successful when implemented by larger companies instead than by smaller 1s. As Henrick noted. â€Å"Companies with merely a few merchandises and markets aren’t likely to acquire every bit much benefit from establishing costs on activities as companies runing with diverse merchandises. service lines. channels and clients. † But since puting up activity-based costing for a concern normally takes less clip for a smaller undertaking. a little concern that is diffident about the effectivity of ABC can see a simple trial plan to find whether it is right for them. Douglas T. Hicks is one expert who feels that the clip is right for little concerns to implement activity-bas ed costing. In a 1999 Journal of Accountancy article entitled â€Å"Yes. ABC is for Small Business. Too. † Hicks presented a instance survey for one of his clients. a little maker that builds constituents for the car industry. Yokels detailed how they were able to treble gross revenues and increase net incomes fivefold in a four-year span after following ABC. â€Å"Much of this betterment came from a profitable mix of contracts generated by a costing/quoting procedure that more closely reflects the existent cost construction of the company. † Hicks stated. â€Å"This has enabled the company to better the direction of its contracts. † Isolating and mensurating the cost of material motion and utilizing the information to warrant many operational alterations were other factors Hicks cited for the success his client had with ABC. Hicks besides noted a alteration in management’s attitude after the success of ABC: â€Å"On an of import but less touchable degree. management’s cognition of and attitude toward cost information have undergone a significant alteration. Where once directors had their ain manner of mensurating the cost impact of direction actions. they now measure those cos ts in a formal. unvarying manner. When directors contemplate alterations. they have a mental theoretical account that directs them toward alterations that genuinely benefit the organisation. † Hicks went on to state that â€Å"any little or midsize organisation can develop an ABC system. It doesn’t necessitate a great committedness of clip or fiscal resources. Nor does it necessitate the execution of particular package integrated into the general ledgerlthough for larger organisations that may be a benefit. It requires merely that direction position its operations through ‘the lens of ABC’ and make a theoretical account that will enable it to mensurate costs in conformity with that position. † Gary Cokins. manager of industry for a celebrated ABC package and services house. tends to hold with Hicks. In his book Activity-Based Cost Management: Making It Work. he proclaimed that â€Å"Within 10 to 20 old ages. everyone will hold some kind of ABC. It’s a affair of when. non if. à ¢â‚¬  Further Reading: Cokins. Gary. Activity-Based Costing: Making It Work. 1998.Cokins. Gary. â€Å"Learning to Love ABC. † Journal of Accountancy. August 1999. Cokins. Gary. â€Å"Overcoming the Obstacles to Implementing Activity-Based Costing. † Bank Accounting and Finance. Fall 2000. Chutchain-Ferranti. Joyce. â€Å"Activity-Based Costing. † Computerworld. August 1999. Henricks. Mark. â€Å"Beneath the Surface. † Entrepreneur. October 1999. Hicks. Douglas T. Activity-Based Costing: Making it Work for Small and Mid-Sized Companies. 1998. Hicks. Douglas T. â€Å"Yes. ABC Is for Small Business. Too. † Journal of Accountancy. August 1999. Lobo. Yane R. O. . and Paulo C. Lima. â€Å"A New Approach to Product Development Costing. † CMAhe Management Accounting Magazine. March 1998. SEE ALSO: Operating expense Costss ; Product Costing Beginning: Encyclopedia of Small Business.  ©2002 Gale Cengage. All Rights Reserved. Full right of first publication.